Thursday, May 21, 2020
In contemporary society, hegemonic masculinity is defined by physical strength and boldness, heterosexuality, economic independence, authority over women and other men, and an interest in sexual relationships. While most men do not embody all of these qualities, society supports hegemonic masculinity within all its institutions, including the educational institute, the religious institute and other institutes which form the ideological state apparatus. Standards of masculinity vary from time to time, from culture to culture. However, masculinity always defines itself as superior and different from femininity. For example, gay men and househusbands exemplify subordinate masculinities in our culture. They are not considered to be realÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In recent years there have been many assertions that masculinity has been in crisis, supposedly as a result of the feminist movement. The concept of mail dominance being in the best interests of society is greatly challenged by many feminists. Since the 1970s (find out when feminism first came about) feminism has had a great deal of impact on society as feminist protested against dominant male unity. Many other critics however believe that it is womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives that have changed more so than menÃ¢â¬â¢s. As Judith Stacey states in her book, Theory and Society (1993), Ã¢â¬Å"journalists and academics share recognition of a problem, a problem that is named not femininit y in crisis but as a crisis in masculinityÃ¢â¬ (Stacey, 1993: 719). So although more changes are going on in womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, men are more affected and the notion of masculinity is therefore resulting in a crisis. According to Anthony Clare the heart of the masculinity crisis lies within the understanding of Ã¢â¬Å"the private and public sphere, the intimate and the impersonal, the emotional and the irrationalÃ¢â¬ (Clare, 2000:212). Both men and women are both confined to their spaces and the line between the two has somewhat been blurred, thus resulting in a crisis. The way in which this line is blurred is by masculinity becoming more feminized. There have been two major shifts in masculinity overShow MoreRelatedFeminism and Masculinity Essay836 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescontemporary society, hegemonic masculinity is defined by physical strength and boldness, heterosexuality, economic independence, authority over women and other men, and an interest in sexual relationships. While most men do not embody all of these qualities, society supports hegemonic masculinity within all its institutions, including the educational institute, the religious institute and other institutes which form the ideol ogical state apparatus. Standards of masculinity vary from time to time, fromRead MoreFeminism : The Patriarchy And Masculinity1273 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPatricia Smith, have redefined patriarchy to be inclusive of gender identity (masculinity and femininity), yet the original implication of patriarchy relied on gender roles and a fixed gender binary. These theorists have argued that the patriarchy harms both men and women, as feminine men are ostracized for not fulfilling the role of an alpha maleÃ¢â¬âa male who tends to be hyper-masculine. This belief that femininity and masculinity must align to the biological sex of an individual has been acknowledged byRead MoreEssay on Gender: Feminism and Masculinity1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In a recent meta-analysis by Kite and Whitley in 1996, it was confirmed that men hold more negative attitudes toward homosexuality than do women. They also determined that mens attitudes toward homosexuality are particularly negative when the person being rated is a gay man rather than a lesbian. Their review of the literature also highlighted the complex nature of attitudes toward homosexuality noted by others. In order to understand the constructive attitudes of homosexuality, there are severalRead MoreRace, Class And Gender : Masculinity, Feminism, And Intersectionality887 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand gender through the viewpoints of three themes: Masculinity, Feminism, and Intersectionality. The topic of masculinity is one that every single man faces at some point in his life. The level of masculinity is dependent on how that individual was born and raised. At times, their level of masculinity is questioned and is forced to live with the positive and negatives of having too much or too low masculinity. Those that are high in masculinity are typically categorized as jocks and higher testosteroneRead MoreGender Roles And Issues Regarding Feminisms And Masculinity939 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesvery crucial element in the American popular culture. What comes in mind when we talk about gender in the American popular culture so many questions go through the mind. The questions will go back to the gender roles and issues concerning feminisms and masculinity. One may question any advantage of being a male to a female because this is where stereotypes are arising especially in the American popular culture. Many scholars have written on gender and culture; most of the highlighted di scussions areRead MoreWomen s Role For Women1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesassociated with men is called masculinity. Men have always felt superior to women while women are referred to as the weaker sex. Boys are raised up knowing that they are the stronger gender and that there are some tasks, which they can perform well than their female counterparts. The debate about equality for both genders has dominated the media over the years, from the times of feminism (the 1980s) to post feminism (Hokowhitu). In politics, the belief about masculinity is still a major issue thatRead MoreSocial Construction And Its Impact On Society Essay1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesa society. In other words, this is when the value and meanings are tied to concepts such as feminity, masculinity, race, class and gender. Hence, this same values and meanings of such concepts change and impact the society we live in. Furthermore, the idea of a social construct is significant in many various ways. For example, social construct helps us understand about feminity and masculinity on a social platform to which society predict and attaches certain characteristics to both females andRead MoreFeminism And Its Effects On Women924 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ positions in feminism also changes how they suggest a man can and should use his male privilege, which affects the conversations and how feminism moves forward. As alluded to earlier, profeminist men understand and sympathize with womenÃ¢â¬â¢s movement s and agree with their vision. Because they support feminism, Kimmel and Buchbinder educate and mobilize men to support feminism. They do this by addressing men and menÃ¢â¬â¢s movements while simultaneously pointing out the flaws and issues withinRead MoreEvasive Masculinity On Men s Lifestyle Magazines936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMen s lifestyle magazines are now argued to be an important locus and breeding ground for what has recently been dubbed new lad masculinity (Benwell, 2004, pp3). The second article this essay is going to explore is that by Benwell (2004) titled, Evasive masculinity in men s lifestyle magazines. By definition, new lad masculinity describes the rejection of the previously recognised new man ; a feminist concept which emerged in the nineteen eighties (Nixon, 2001). By this, BenwellRead MoreBeing A Man Is The Journey We All Take When Growing Up1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"In the last ten years, a surprisingly large number of publications have focused on feminism and its historic evolution.Ã¢â¬ Feminism has been around since forever and there have been many changes in society due to the courage and protest of feminist all around the entire world. The history of feminist is very interesting and astonishing due to their dedication. Paragraph 1- In paragraph 12, Greer says, Ã¢â¬Å"Masculinity is a system. It is the complex of learned behaviors and subtly coded interactions that
Monday, May 18, 2020
Higher National Diploma in Business and Accountancy Unit 3: Organisations and Behaviour Edexcel BTEC Level 5 HND Business and Accountancy Unit 3 Assignment: Organisations and Behaviour Useful Websites: www.managementhelp.org www.mindtools.com www.businesslink.gov.uk www.12manage.com www.businessballs.com Section 1 Understanding the relationship between organisational structure and culture You will need to: Ã¯â · compare and contrast different organisational structures and culture Here you need to briefly describe the different types of organisational structure, and what different types/formats of culture can be found in organisations, and then compare and contrast them Ã¢â¬â what causes/creates each type, and positive factors / negativeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¯â · compare the application of different motivational theories within the workplace You need to give a brief description of each, but then discuss in detail how they are (if they are) applied in the workplace, then move on to discuss how motivational theory relates to the way people are expected to manage today. Ã¯â · evaluate the usefulness of a motivation theory for Managers Here you need to Ã¢â¬â briefly Ã¢â¬â list an describe motivational theories, then select one and use that to give your view of how an understanding and application of that motivation theory can assist/support managers in their activities. Higher National Diploma in Business and Accountancy Unit 3: Organisations and Behaviour Section 4 Understanding the mechanisms for developing effective teamwork in organisations You will need to: Ã¯â · explain the nature of groups and group behaviour within Organisations Here you need to Ã¢â¬â briefly - explain the different group/team formal and informal structures, objectives, life-cycle stages, types of dynamics, and how all of these factors can affect the behaviour of groups/teams in the workplace. Ã¯â · discuss factors that may promote or inhibit the development of effective teamwork in organisations This needs to be looked at in a broad, lateral, way - for example, the structure of an organisation can affect team interactions/communications with other, important, teams - the management/leadership style of theShow MoreRelatedbusiness Assignment1024 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Organisations and Behaviour Outcome 1: Understand the relationship between organisational structure and culture Outcome 2: Understand different approaches to management and leadership Outcome 3: Understand ways of using motivational theories in organisations Outcome 4: Understand mechanisms for developing effective teamwork in organisations SCENARIO According to Bergstram and Hamilton, organisations have different structures and these structures have a bearingRead MoreOrganisation Cultures1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCompare and contrast HandyÃ¢â¬â¢s cultures and Deal KennedyÃ¢â¬â¢s cultures. In your opinion, which is a more realistic representation of organisational culture? Justify and explain your answer. Organisational culture is a shared value belief which binds the people of an organisation together to achieve a particular objective. Ã¢â¬Å"In the early 1980s organisational culture became increasingly considered as both an obstacle to change and a vital ingredient of organisational success or failureÃ¢â¬ (IanRead MoreOrganisation and Behaviour1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHNBS 103 Organisations and Behaviour Introduction The aim of this report is to compare and contrast different organisational structures and cultures within businesses, observe how the relationship between an organisations structure and culture can impact the performance of the business. Discussing individual approach to the business environment. Comparing different approaches to management and leadership in organisations. Organisational structure works within an organisational culture. The twoRead MoreThe Key Features Of The Academic Fields And Human Resource Management1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCOMPARE AND CONTRAST THE KEY FEATURES OF THE ACADEMIC FIELDS Ã¢â¬Å"INDUSTRIAL RELATIONSÃ¢â¬ AND Ã¢â¬Å"HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT [HRM]Ã¢â¬ INTRODUCTION The main aim of the study is to compare and contrast the academic fields of Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management, in this essay, both the fields are defined, highlighted key features which will help in understanding the similarities and differences with a conclusion. Industrial Relation can be defined as the study of all kind of employment relationsRead MoreDifferences Between Organizational Structures And Cultures1419 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTask one Ã¢â¬â Compare and contrast organisational structures and cultures For any organisation type, such as Sole trader, Partnership, Public sector, Limited and Public limited organisation, there are organisational cultures and structures associated with them. A formal organisational structure is deliberately constructed to fulfill specific goals: Objective of organisation structure Reason To co-ordinate the objectives and activities of separate units So that overall aims are achieved without gapsRead MoreUnderstand the Relationship Between Organizational Structure and Culture.1779 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesunderstanding of individual and group behaviour in organisations and to examine current theories and their application in managing behaviour in the workplace. Areas of Learning 1 Understand the relationship between organisational structure and culture Types of organisation and associated structures, organisational culture, Diagnosing behavioral problems, perception, significance and of individual difference, Individual behaviour at work 2 Understand different approaches to management and leadership DevelopmentRead MoreSelf Culture and Society - Dorothy Lee947 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSelf Culture and Society - Dorothy Lee Individual Autonomy and Social Structure Essay 1 October 2015 Many societies have adopted the notion of following a social structure where there is a type of hierarchy in an organisation based on the relationship between individuals. In the Western culture, a social structure is defined as a system that is based on the establishment of social interactions between diverse relationships such as those between parents and children. In contrast, non-westernRead MoreEssay on Globalization and International Management1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthat Organisational culture as a: Ã¢â¬Ësystem of shared meaning within an organisation that determines, in large degree, how employees actÃ¢â¬â¢. It relates to the group beliefs and values within the organisation focus on the common characters of the employees, and make the business differs to each other. The organisational cultures approach to the different way as the development of globalisation. Due to the research work from Clayton and Fisher (2006), the organisational cultures could be affected byRead MoreCompare two cultures using two sociological concepts/perspectives1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 17/10/2014 Compare culture and social organisation in any two societies, making reference to at least two different sociological theories and key concepts associated with them. Within every society, and every community or settlement across the globe, there is undoubtedly one thing that they have in common; we identify this as Ã¢â¬ËcultureÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬Å"Culture is a design for livingÃ¢â¬ (Clyde Kluckhohn, cited in Halambros et al, 2013: 5), it describesRead MoreHuman Resource Management And Construction Industry1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬ ¢ Introduction: There are different types of businesses operating all around the world for improving the living standards of human kind, whereas construction industry is providing efficient structures for domestic living, travel and business purposes. The construction industry is considered very risky field of operation due to more physical labour required for completing the projects. There are different stages of construction projects, whereas large number of workforce is completing these stages
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE STRUCTURE Outline Prepared By: Marnela Kathleen V. Pasamba, RN MSN I I. Organizational Culture A. Definitions 1. Gareth Morgan: set of beliefs, values and norms, together with symbols like dramatized events and personalities, that represents the unique character of the organization and provides the context for action in it and by it. 2. Edgar Schein: a pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group has learned as it solved its problems that has worked well enough to be considered as valid and is passed on to the new members as the correct way to perceive, think and feel in relation to these problems. B. Types of Organizational Culture According to Professor John Paul Kotter 1. Ã¢â¬Å"Tough guyÃ¢â¬ orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Disadvantages i. High operating and managing costs ii. Poor communication between divisions iii. Conflicts among divisions 3. Matrix a. Definition i. a complex form of organization used to control their activities results in matrix structure ii. simultaneously groups people into two ways Ã¢â¬â by the function of which they are member and by the product team on which they are currently working iii. have two bosses: functional boss and product boss b. Coordination Advantages i. Facilitates rapid product development ii. Maximizes cooperation and communication between members iii. Facilitates innovation and creativity iv. Facilitates face-to-face problem solving v. Provides a work setting in which managers can decide to solve non-programmed problems vi. Facilitates frequent product changes of membership in product teams c. Motivation Advantages i. Freedom and autonomy to take responsibility for their work activities d. Disadvantages i. Increase role conflict and role ambiguity ii. High levels of work stress iii. Limited opportunities for promotion III. The Relationship Between Organizational Structure and Culture A. Organizational structure is a mechanism through which effort and work is coordinated with supervision to produce the results that are hoped for from organizational culture. B. The structure seems to be the conduits or lines of authority, the system set into place through which individuals can come together to fulfill the expectations ofShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Structure and Culture661 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesOrganizational Structure and Culture Introduction In this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s assignment we will be looking at organizational structure and organizational culture. We will first look at how organizational culture impacts organizational structure and vice versa. Then look at how organizational structure interacts and impacts the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s decision process. Organizational Cultures Impact on Organizational Structure The first part of this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s assignment was to look at how organizational structure impactsRead MoreOrganizational Structure and Culture1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOrganizational structure can be defined as the establishment of authority and responsibilities between different positions in the company. It can be either horizontal or vertical. Organization structure also facilitates transparency in the organization (Luthans, 1998). My organization is Saint JosephÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital, which is a leading magnet facility here in Atlanta Georgia. Saint Joseph s was the first hospital in the Southeast to perform open heart surgery, the first to develop a cardiac cath labRead MoreOrganizational Culture and Structure1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Organizational Culture and Structure The structure of an organization determines the allocation of roles, regulations, and responsibilities, and therefore builds a basis for the culture in an organization. There is a constant relationship between organizational structure and organizational culture that provides a theme within an organization. Both can be difficult to clearly define and distinguish when analyzing an organization. Organization culture is a perspective into theRead MoreOrganizational Structure and Culture1802 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Organizational Structure and Culture Marsha Ruckle Senior Practicum/492 May 13, 2013 Janice Cochran Organizational Structure and Culture Every facility has an authority structure within the organization that is the foundation for the oversight of delegating processes and expected outcomes. Without structure there is a potential for chaos to ensue, communication to be inhibited, thereby preventing goals from getting accomplished. Organizational structureRead MoreThe Organizational Structures And Culture2323 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages1.1Different organisational structures and culture Every business needs to organise its activities and a defined structure enables them do it well. For example, every area of the business knows what they are supposed to do and when to do it. In addition, they know who to report to with the aid of a good structure. On the other hand, organisational culture is something that is not tangible but can be observed in the way people do the things they do and in the way they treat one another and theirRead MoreThe Impact of Organizational Structure and Culture819 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Impact of Organizational Structure and Culture Organizational structure has been set up to facilitate all goal achievements. It is a way to motivate their employees and get them to work together. It also helps its employees to follow the organizations goals, and work together as a team. In order to do this, they need to have an organized structure to be able to run the company smoothly. A main foundation of every organization is to post their mission statement and goals everywhere so that theirRead MoreOrganizational Structure and Culture Essay1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe basics of understanding the very design, structure, and culture that are appropriate in fulfilling the goals of that organization. Experts say that organizational structure and culture should work in tandem - as a team within the organization. It is important for organizations to Ã¢â¬Å"understand the difference between the two aspects because they can have a major influence on the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s success or failure.Ã¢â¬ John (2013). Organizational culture comes from the founders of the organization andRead MoreBoeing: Organizational Culture and Structure1493 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND STRUCTURE 2 Boeing: Organizational Culture and Structure Jory Authement MGMT312 Management Theory and Practices Professor Stephen Stewart April 22, 2014 Before we can begin a discussion on the cultural dynamics within the Boeing Company, it is imperative that we define and briefly elaborate about the foundational structures of the company, and its core values. Both of which has a direct impact in the development of its culture.. Being that Boeing has remote multinationalRead MoreOrganizational Culture, Structure Design2121 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesRunning head: ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, STRUCTURE DESIGN 1 Organizational Culture, Structure Design Satish kumar Gummalla University Canada West Instructor: Liz Wiebe Business Fundamentals MBA 549, Section B March 17, 2011 Satish Kumar Gummalla (1010863) Page 1 of 9 ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, STRUCTURE DESIGN Abstract Organizational structure defines the attitude, values and core competencies of an organization. The structure in a way forms the culture for that organization whichRead MoreOrganizational Culture : Organization Structure Essay2391 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesbe in-line with the organizational objective. Defining and identifying an organization structure affects the organization in two big ways Ã¢â¬â it provides the foundation on which standard operating procedures and routines rest and it determines which individuals get to participate in which decision making process. For the ease of operations, the organization structure is further divided into: Tall organization structure Ã¢â¬â for large complex companies Flat organization structure Ã¢â¬â mid-size organisations
3.2. Sources of Data The researcher sourced materials from literatures published from 2000-2015, with the exception of press articles (which were excluded owing to time constraints on the project) were included in the review. The review was carried out in a methodical manner using the three main secondary sources to find literature: electronic databases using Google; as well as search functions of journals, reports and publications; and government websites where relevant literature where identified through content analysis. The collection of data was guided by the search strings displaced below in Table 1. Ideally, the literature is reviewed in line with the three research assumptions identified for this study. Ideally, the literatureÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For the purpose of our content analysis, we adopted qualitative descriptive method to examine the estimation of Nigeria Ã¢â¬â EU migration. The pattern of passenger journeys is complex, with visitors and migrants coming into and out of Europ e for a variety of reasons and for a variety of lengths of stay. Most Nigerians migrants will enter Europe legally, though some will arrive as illegal migrants. Some come to find work, some to study, others to join existing family members and some to seek protection from abuse or persecution in their home country (asylum seekers). Some migrants will come with dependents. Some will come to Europe as visitors and then decide to stay for a longer period, sometimes for more than 12 months (visitor switchers). Others will come as migrants with the intention of staying for a long period but then change their mind and return within 12 months (migrant switchers). Some migrants will be highly skilled, others less so, seeking manual and semi-skilled employment. Some will emigrate permanently from Europe; others will leave for a short or extended length of time but then return. Some Nigerian migrants will come to Europe, stay in one place for only a short period but then move on to a more perm anent residence. The length of time a Nigerian migrant stays in Europe is a major issue when interpreting migration statistics. Those staying for less than three months,Show MoreRelatedNigeria Literature Review711 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNigeria is a transit country for illegal wildlife trade both at domestic and international market levels of the threatened African Giant Pangolin, Elephant Ivory, the Nigerian Cameroon Chimpanzee, and Vultures. Despite being a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the level of compliance in upholding the objectives of this Convention at the Federal Government level is very poor and ineffective. Pangolin and Ivory is the most tradedRead MoreChinua Achebe s Life Of Literature999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Portfolio Essay: Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe is a renowned Nigeria novelist lauded for his work in literature. Chinua Achebe has been credited with numerous works of literature ranging from novels to journals. His work cuts across borders, making huge success and accepted globally in the world of literature. Even critics had to accept Chinua Achebe is the greatest our time, such was Charles H Rowell a literary critic issued in Callaloo a reputableRead MoreThe Conflict Between Tradition And Western Influence On Nigeria1665 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestalent and black pride like Nigeria.Ã¢â¬ There is certainly truth to these words. The west african country of Nigeria has proven itself to be a successful and enduring land. As the English began exploring and colonizing the land grounded in tradition and folklore, Nigeria effectively adapted and grew. Even when torn apart, Nigeria has pulled itself back together and grown stronger. There are many aspects to NigeriaÃ¢â¬â¢s culture that are worth considering. But o ne aspect of Nigeria has proven itself to be richRead MoreChimamanda Adichies Speech : Do You Truly Know?893 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDo You Truly Know? As a child, Chimamanda Adichie, born in Nigeria, began to write about what she had read in British and American childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s books- a single story. Although never being outside of Nigeria, she composed the same, ideal foreign character within every story. When she first discovered African books, her outlook changed. She realized that people like her, with a darker skin complexion, could also exist in literature. (Tedtalks 2:11) AdichieÃ¢â¬â¢s success in her speech was achieved in theRead MoreA Study on the Author, Chinua Achebe 1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A STUDY OF THE AUTHOR, CHINUA ACHEBE Chinua Achebe was born unto a Nigerian parents in Nigeria on November 16, 1930. He was from a family that born six kids; he being the fifth among them. Chinua AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s parents were Isaiah Okafor Achebe and Janet Achebe. He begin an English at eight in Ogidi, Nigeria. Encouraged by his father, he was excited to learned English quickly. His father Isaiah Achebe was one of the first that converted from their religion to Christianity and he also foundedRead MoreAnalysis Of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie The Dangers Of A Single Story 986 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesvarious literature is crucial in avoiding the dangers of a single story because literature allows readers access to the immense library of knowledge from millions of writers. Readers have the privilege to see the world from thousands of different perspectives which allow individuals to immerse in a world from the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view and reflect upon their own lives. Consequently, readers make better decisions and are more open-minded compared to individuals who do not study the literature. StudyingRead MoreA Description of Nigeria1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNigeria Essay Located in West Africa, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous worldwide. Thanks to its natural resources, especially oil, its economy is among the fastest growing in the world. From 1901 until its independence in 1960, Nigeria was a British colony. Great Britain decided to grant Nigeria its independence because after World War II NigeriaÃ¢â¬â¢s economy was very poor. Comprised of over 250 ethnic groups, as well as a population that is split religiouslyRead MoreA Great Tree Has Fallen: Words of Chinua Achebe Essay1124 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChinua Achebe Imaginative literature Ã¢â¬ ¦ does not enslave; it liberates the mind of man. Its truth is not like the canons of orthodoxy or the irrationality of prejudice and superstition. It begins as an adventure in self-discovery and ends in wisdom and humane conscience. Ã¢â¬Å"The Truth of FictionÃ¢â¬ in Hopes and Impediments: Selected Essays 1988 In the mid 20th century Africa was once more starting to find its own voice, having been gagged by centuries of colonial oppression. For all that time the storyRead MoreThe Threat Of Boko Haram Essay1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIndependent from British ruling since 1960, Nigeria today still suffers from ethnical and religious divisions as well as unequal distribution of power and resources among its regions. A high degree of violence and insecurity has shaped NigeriaÃ¢â¬â¢s political framework since colonial times. The region is characterized by systematic human under-development and socio-political decay. By draining resources from development, terrorism creates an additional burden on the society and interferes with developmentRead MoreCharacteristics of Nigerian English1941 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthis paper is to describe some features of Nigerian English (lexical, phonological and grammatical features) and its status in education and culture. English in Nigeria Nigeria is one of the six West African states that have English as an official language. There are two main reasons for this: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Colonization in Nigeria Nigeria became an official British colony in 1914 and English was de colonial language. On 1st October 1960, this country gained its independence from United Kingdom but it
Josh Frint Lawrence ENG 1113 26 September 2012 Essay #1 Smartphones Impact on Todays students Today, smartphones are in the hands of almost every student. It has become so common that young children are starting to ask their parents for one. Although nobody can deny the ability to find and use information fast on a smartphone, many people feel students should not have one. We will write a custom essay sample on Smartphones Effect on Teenagers or any similar topic only for you Order Now These smartphones are effecting verbal communication, writing skills, as well as increasing laziness in our students. Verbal communication is increasingly becoming a problem in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society and it is because of smartphones. Our generation is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"texting generationÃ¢â¬ . These days, students talk to their friends using text messages or calling. This takes away our ability to talk to someone face to face. It affects college graduates not being confident enough to present themselves properly in an interview with a future employer. Texting interaction leaves out basic skills like, clear speaking, body language, eye contact with the person to whom they are speaking too, and the ability to listen and stay focused on what the person is saying. More and more these days students go to their phones or computers when needing to write an essay. Students search Google and various other search engines to help find the most up to date information, although the information is handy and very tempting, it is creating pure laziness in todays society. These smartphones contain encyclopedias, dictionaries and as we all know, the internet. There is no exerted effort into collecting this information, students are too lazy to read a book and quite frankly, some just donÃ¢â¬â¢t have time. Also, students are being distracted by cellphones. It is causing lack of focus and discipline. Often times students will sit down to study and all of the sudden hear their phone go off, and theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll get self-indulged into the conversation and no longer continue to study. Students are becoming unable to concentrate on the task at hand would rather be using their phones to be texting friends, updating their Facebook statuses or even Re-Tweeting what their best friend ate for dinner. Writing skills are on the free fall, and it is all because of our studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ use of smartphones. Think about it, back in the day, society would take pride in being able to read and write, it was a hobby and many people did it for fun. Today, writing is frowned upon by any student. Our writing skills have vanished due to our lack of proper English usage. Students send text messages that would even confuse Shakespeare like Ã¢â¬Å"OMGÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"LOLÃ¢â¬ . Essays are now a problem for students because they lack the ability to think in depth. Through text messages we get straight to the point and do not have the meaningful, in depth conversation that people have face to face. Smartphones are here, and arenÃ¢â¬â¢t going anywhere. In fact, the technology will likely become more advanced and more easily accessible to our students, which is fine, as long as those advancements arenÃ¢â¬â¢t being abused by our students. Parents and schools play a vital role in fixing this problem, parents must show children the appropriate use of smartphones, and schools must continue to create ways to move around the path of technology. How to cite Smartphones Effect on Teenagers, Essay examples
Make Foreigners Exist Essay, Research Paper Merely about 500 old ages ago people believed that the Earth was still level, 50 old ages ago people doubted the being of an foreign life, 5 min ago the people of Earth believe that foreigners existed. Many persons around the universe have reportedly been contacted by excess tellurian existences. They allege that Earth is presently being visited by several different species of excess terrestrial. These persons report that excess terrestrials are sing the Earth because they are interested in detecting the development of the human species. This alone is non the lone ground we believe in the being of Extraterrestrial life and UFOs. Foreigners along with Unidentified flying objects exist because of Government Cover-ups, The Roswell Incident, Extraterrestrial Laws and Government Projects.The United States authorities is actively involved in secret military undertakings. For national security grounds the military supports these undertakings secret from the populace. We will write a custom essay sample on Do Aliens Exist Essay Research Paper Just or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Some persons believe that the US authorities has already discovered excess tellurian intelligence but chooses to maintain it hidden from the populace. These persons believe that the armed forces has recovered excess tellurian trade and organic structures and may be in regular communicating with an excess tellurian intelligence. They believe that the authorities and the armed forces are traveling to great lengths to conceal excess tellurian contact from the populace. One secret the authorities covers up is a base known as Area 51, which could incorporate the truth about foreigners. Area 51 is a secret US military installing which lies merely outside of Las Vegas, Nevada ( USA ) . Area 51 is one of the most close topographic points on Earth ; so secret that it isn # 8217 ; t on any map and the US authorities denies its # 8217 ; being. The base has long been reported to house excess tellurian trade and foreign bodies-although no 1 can corroborate these allegations. Many persons have reportedly seen trade go forthing the base at dark, which are able to speed up at astonishing velocity and do rapid alterations in direction-far beyond any tellurian engineering. Area 51 was build in the early 1950 # 8217 ; s by the CIA to prove its top secret U-2 plan. The base was built for its great year-around winging conditions, farness and level lake bed on which to do tracks. Ever since the U-2 plan, Area 51 has been the trial country for the latest technological developments in the US military. Allegedly, Area 51 is the proving land for a new top secret hypersonic stealing aircraft undertaking called Aurora. Area 51 does incorporate many secrets: but does it incorporate any excess tellurian secrets? Skeptics argue that people could be misidentifying a new US military secret undertaking for excess tellurian trades. While, other research workers believe that the US military is winging captured excess tellurian ships. The replies lie deep below the Nevada desert locked off for history to detect. Another Cover-up was with the CIA and they even wrote a study about at that place findings. The study was released on August 2, 1997 and it was called? CIA? s Role in the Study of UFO? s ( 1947-90 ) ? which detailed how the bureau lied to the American populace about UFOs. The UFO sightings were a convenient manner for the CIA to deviate attending off from their covert operation of secret undercover agent planes. The admittance helped reenforce some research workers # 8217 ; belief that persons who saw a UFO could be sing a secret undercover agent plane, non an foreigner trade. Gerald K. Haines wrote the study, he is now a historian working for the National Reconnaissance Office. US President Bill Clinton # 8217 ; s CIA manager, James Woolsey ordered the study to be created after he had been questioned about the CIA # 8217 ; s engagement with UFOs. The study explains that the both the CIA and the United States Airforce conducted the UFO cover-up. During the Col d War, both bureaus hid their involvement in UFOs because they feared public cognition of the bureau # 8217 ; s involvement would do the UFO job worse. Both the CIA and the US Air Force felt the UFO job could be used by the Soviet Union to do an onslaught on the United States. The study concludes that the CIA was really interested in the UFO job until the early 1950s, but since has paid small attending to it. Over half of all UFO studies from the late 1950 # 8217 ; s through the 1960 # 8217 ; s were accounted for by manned reconnaissance flights ( viz. the U-2 ) over the United States. This led the Air Force to do deceptive and delusory statements to the populace in order to still public frights and to protect an inordinately sensitive national security undertaking. While possibly justified, this misrepresentation added fuel to the ulterior confederacy theories and the cover-up contention of the 1970s ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.odci.gov/csi/studies/97unclas/ufo.html ) ? On July 4th 1947 a rancher named William Brazel found wreckage scattered over his spread # 8211 ; 30 stat mis south of Corona. Brazel had found weather balloons on two other occasions, but was unable to acknowledge the dust in his field. The following twenty-four hours he took some of the wreckage and went into Roswell to demo the local sheriff. He met with George Wilcox, the local sheriff, who so contacted Roswell Army AirField ( RAAF ) to describe the unusual dust. Major Jesse Marcel, the intelligence officer of the 509th Bomber group, came to see the wreckage at the sheriff # 8217 ; s office. Major Marcel reported his findings to his commanding officer, Colonel William Blanchard, who so ordered Marcel to travel to the spread and roll up more of the wreckage. On July 6th Major Marcel took one vehicle and Captain Sheridan Cavitt, another intelligence officer, took a 2nd vehicle to the Brazel spread. They slept overnight at the Brazel spread and went to the debris field the follo wing forenoon. They discovered that the dust covered a big country and they collected adequate wreckage to transport in their two autos. The dust contained little spots of tin-foil-like metal and I-beams. These fragments exhibited unusual qualities: the tin-foil-like metal could be dead set and folded but it would turn up back out into its original form, the I-beams had hieroglyphic composing on them, both points were highly light-weight and could non be burned, broken, scratched, cut or torn. On his manner to the RAAF, Jessie Marcel stopped by his place and woke his household to demo them the unusual dust. Jessie Marcel had seen conditions balloons and projectiles before but nil like what they recovered from the Brazel spread. The wreckage was so driven to RAAF and transported in a B29 to the Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. On July 8, 1947, Colonel Blanchard ordered Second Lieutenant Walter Haut ( public information officer of the 509th ) to publish a imperativeness releas e stating the universe that the military had recovered a crashed a winging disk. The imperativeness release was issued and it caused a world-wide esthesis. The military converged on the Brazel spread and Mr. Brazel was placed under observation. The Brazel ranched was searched by military forces and allegedly an excess terrestrial craft with four alien bodies was recovered a few kilometers away. The wreckage was brought to the RAAF, it was crated, stored in a hangar and then flown to Wright Patterson Air Force Base. On July 9th, 1947 General Ramey, the Commanding Officer of the Eighth Air Force, held a press conference in his office at the Eighth Air Force Headquarters in Fort Worth Texas. General Ramey announced that what had crashed at the Brazel Ranch was a weather balloon, not a flying saucer. He then showed the press the weather balloon recovered from the ranch. The press interviewed Mr. Brazel on July 9th and found his story had changed. William Brazel now said that he found the wreckage on June 14th but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay much attention to it until July 4th. The wreckage he found consisted of rubber strips, tinfoil, scotch tape, paper and sticks. The events in Roswell, New Mexico during July 1947 have now become known as the Roswell Incident. The Roswell Incident still receives a lot of attention to t his day. The US Air Force has come out with three different reports since the Roswell Incident; each with different versions of the story. One thing is for sure, people will continue to be puzzled by the mysterious events surrounding the Roswell Incident. In addition to the cover-up of this story there is also a tape that was discovered. In 1997 Ray Santilli stunned the world with an autopsy film taken of an extra terrestrial. The film allegedly portrays an extra terrestrial autopsy conducted in Roswell New Mexico during July 1947. The extra terrestrial was allegedly one of the bodies recovered by the US Air Force during the Roswell Incident. Skeptics have attacked the film and called it a forgery designed to enrich Mr. Santilli. Skeptics have also questioned the authenticity of the film and believe that it is an elaborate hoax. The holes in Mr. SantilliÃ¢â¬â¢s story are very large and he has made very few efforts to prove the authenticity of his film. Someday the truth about the alien autopsy film will surface making Ray Santilli a hero or a hoaxster.On July 16,1969, a little known US law was passed called the Ã¢â¬ËExtra Terrestrial Exposure LawÃ¢â¬â¢ that made it illegal for the public to come in contact with extra terrestrials or their vehicles (Title 14, Section 1221 of the Code of Federal Regulations). Anyone found guilty of such contact could be imprisoned for one year and fined $5,000 US. As well, any individual who has been Ã¢â¬Ëextra terrestrially exposedÃ¢â¬â¢ could be quarantined under armed guard by the NASA administrator without a hearing. The law was removed on April 26, 1991 Ã¢â¬â¢since is has served itsÃ¢â¬â¢ purpose and is no longer in keeping with current policy (http://www.execpc.com/~vjentpr/etlaw.html). The law was passed originally to protect the earth from possible biological contamination resulting from the United States Apollo Space Program and other related space exploration programs. It has been suggested that the U.S. government was very concerned that contact with extra-terrestrial bacteria could result in a worldwide plague. The immune system of human beings would not be able to combat the extra-terrestrial bacteria; therefore any Ã¢â¬Ëextra terrestrial exposureÃ¢â¬â¢ was taken very seriously. People in the UFO community were alarmed with the Extra Terrestrial Exposure Law because its broad wording could allow the U.S. government to prosecute people in NASA along with individuals in the general public who come into contact with extra-terrestrials and their vehicles. UFO believers found it interesting that on the one hand the government was denying they had any interest in extra terrestrials yet they had a law on the books that forbid contact with extra terrestrials and their craft.There are two projects that the government ran about aliens. The two projects are Project Blue Book and Project Aurora. Project Blue book was a program was started in 1947 and was terminated on December 17, 1969. Project Blue Book investigated 12, 618 UFO sightings and 701 of those sightings remained unidentified. Critics felt that the investigations of the UFO sightings were sloppy and unscientific. The critics believe that Project Blue Book was merely a public relations campaign designed by the US Air Force to calm the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s fears about UFOs. The critics believe the ultimate purpose of the report was to cover up the truth about UFOs. The Final Results of the project were no UFO reported, investigated and evaluated by the Air Force was ever an indication of threat to our national security. There was no evidence submitted to or discovered by the Air Force that sightings categorized as Ã¢â¬Å"unidentifiedÃ¢â¬ represented technological developments or principles beyond the range of modern scientific knowledge. Lastly, there was no evidence indicating that sightings categorized as Ã¢â¬Å"unidentifiedÃ¢â¬ were extraterrestrial vehicles (http://www.af.mil/news/factsheets/Unidentif ied_Flying_Objects_a.html). Project Blue Book was a continuation of previous military projects to research the UFO phenomena- Project Sign and Project Grudge. The project was headquartered at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The mission of Project Blue Book was to investigate the alarming number of UFO reports and draw a conclusion from their research on the origin of UFOs. Project Blue Book was supposed to put an end to the UFO debate but it only intensified the controversy. Project aurora is another project that the government ran. Individuals have reported seeing unusual triangle-shaped aircraft flying over the United States. A high number of these sightings have been around Area 51. Some individuals believe that these sightings provide evidence that the US government is flying captured extra terrestrial craft. Other researchers believe that these individuals are merely witnessing tests of the latest top secret US aircraft. The United States government has allegedly produced a hy personic stealth aircraft that can fly Mach 6 named Aurora. The mission of the Aurora aircraft is to provide aerial reconnaissance anywhere in the world. Many individuals believe it would be easy to mistake the Aurora aircraft for a UFO due to itsÃ¢â¬â¢ alleged shape and flight performance. Unfortunately, due to the secretive nature surrounding the operations of Area 51 individuals are unable to obtain physical proof that these strange craft are secret test planes or extra terrestrial craft.Aliens along with UFOs exist because of Government Cover-ups, The Roswell Incident, Extraterrestrial Laws and Government Projects. Someday, sometime, and somewhere we will know the answer to all these questions. The government is up to something and what could they be hiding that they don?t want you to know. How long will it be before the public knows? The question that goes through the minds of many now is ?Do Aliens Exist Luke 12:3 Ã¢â¬â Therefore whatever you have said in the dark shall b e heard in the light, and what you have whispered in private rooms shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.
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Table of Contents Protest Songs Artists/Musicians involved and their messages Conclusion Works Cited As one author quoted, Ã¢â¬Å"Music cleanses the understanding; inspires it and lifts it into a realm which it would not reach if it were left to itselfÃ¢â¬ (Henry Ward Beecher). He couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been more right. Protest songs are considered to have span over the centuries, continents and race.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Protest songs in the 1960s specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They are songs that majorly address issues that range from social injustices like racism and slavery to political matters like wars. They either inspire crowds for mass actions or simply just create awareness of the problem. Protest songs are, however, known to be associated with peaceful social movements. In the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, the prevalent issues then were the Civil Rights movement and the Vietnam War. This article exp lores the many artists/musicians who were actively involved during this time and the protest songs that they sung that meticulously addressed the then current issues. Protest Songs Protest songs stem from the folk music (Protest Song 1) that was present in the early 19th century. The folk music of that period addressed matters of social injustices and folk music eventually transitioned to protest songs in the1960s as a result of the dissatisfaction of the public and their current political and social environment especially after the end of World War 2 (Hurry et al. 162). Folk songs were generally characterized by their simplicity and repetitive choruses (Hurry et al. 162). These songs were also appropriate alternatives to the other genres especially jazz (Gonipraw 4). Protest songs however transitioned from the Ã¢â¬Å"acoustic-oriented folk styling to rock-based rhythmsÃ¢â¬ (Protest Music 1) although this entirely depended on the musician. Gonipraw attributes this transition to Ã ¢â¬Å"artistic decisions, record company involvement and a growing disillusionment among young peopleÃ¢â¬ (Gonipraw 5). The then artists/musicians were known to contribute greatly to protests that sought to address the civil rights concerns and the Vietnam War (Gonipraw 4). Gonipraw has argued that: Ã¢â¬Å"when the needs and goals of the people were sung together by the people, a force was created, capable of defeating alienationÃ¢â¬ (Gonipraw 4). Peter Seeger who was a known musician in the 1960s summarized it rightly.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Artists/Musicians involved and their messages Some of the popular artists and groups of this time were: Ã¢â¬Å"Woody Guthrie, Peter Seeger, Bob Dylan, Phil Ochs, Joe Hill, The Weavers, Leedbelly, Joan Baez, Neil Young, The Doors, Country Joe and the Fish, Jefferson Airplane among othersÃ¢â¬ (Cogan et al. 126). Peter, Paul a nd Mary were also another famous trio during this time (Protest Music 1). Woody Guthrie and Peter Seeger were very vigorous in their approach since they traversed their country and actively became involved with the political events of that time (Gonipraw 3). For the Vietnam War, songs that were composed had messages that basically advocated the end of the war or showed its ineffectiveness. Ã¢â¬Å"Where have all the flowers gone?Ã¢â¬ (Perone 20) is one such a song written by Peter Seeger, and it even had the privilege to be sung in Vietnam by the soldiers. The songÃ¢â¬â¢s story is about Ã¢â¬Å"young girls picking flowers that eventually end on the graves of their dead soldier husbandsÃ¢â¬ (Ruehl 1). Another song by Peter Seeger Ã¢â¬Å"Last train to NurembergÃ¢â¬ (Perone 61) is seen to directly point accusing fingers to the President Nixon and others as to blame for the blood shed in Vietnam. Barry McGuire is also one such artist whose song Ã¢â¬Å"Eve of DestructionÃ¢â¬ in 1965 had a stern message against the war in Vietnam (Protest Music 1). Bob Dylan is also a famous artist whose music mostly addressed Ã¢â¬Å"world problemsÃ¢â¬ (Cogan et al. 128). His lyrics unlike other musicians were not as direct but were Ã¢â¬Å"deliberately trying to obscure the meaning of his politics in a political contextÃ¢â¬ (Cogan et al. 129). He is considered to have been the best of them all since Ã¢â¬Å"he redefined what protest music said and what it sounded likeÃ¢â¬ and he is also know to have mentored many others (Gonipraw 7). Some of his songs that were really popular include Ã¢â¬Å"Blowin in the windÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Master of WarÃ¢â¬ . During the Civil Rights Movement, the African Americans really made use of song as a way to Ã¢â¬Å"send hope, calm sorrows and healÃ¢â¬ themselves even as they struggled to find freedom (Freeman 2).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Protest songs in the 1960s specifically for you for o nly $16.05 $11/page Learn More The songs they sang had been used in the slave era and were changed to work for them during their other struggles: for instance Ã¢â¬Å"Oh FreedomÃ¢â¬ sang by Joan Baez was initially Ã¢â¬Å"written about freedom in heavenÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Freeman 2) but it was adapted to describe Ã¢â¬Å"the harsh realities of segregation that included shootings, burning and bombing of churchesÃ¢â¬ (Freeman 2). The protests were to fight for equality with other Americans and they were sang Ã¢â¬Å"almost nightly in the churches from the SouthÃ¢â¬ (Freeman 5). The fact that these musicians even stood by Dr Martin Luther King Jr. is very remarkable, since it signifies that it was not just about African American civil rights struggle but it was more of a joint effort from leaders and musicians alike. In about 1968, the vitality of protests song was on the decline and this could be attributed to many things: President NixonÃ¢â¬â¢s administration may ha ve had a hand in it (Protest Music 1). Nevertheless, John LennonÃ¢â¬â¢s song Ã¢â¬Å"Give Peace a ChanceÃ¢â¬ in 1969 seems to have brought a good closure of the protest songs to more of peaceful songs (Ruehl 1). Its message was just simply summarized in its title and its popularity did not stop then but continued throughout time especially where there was any Ã¢â¬Å"peace movement involvedÃ¢â¬ . Not only did the songs lose their power, but time also saw some very influential musician like Phil Ochs who started out very well, lose ground as a musician (Gonipraw 6). The question however is, did the songs achieve the purpose for which they were composed? They did. Simply because protest songs were a part and parcel of the movements in 1960 and the two went in hand in hand (Gonipraw 6). The popularity was more on the musicians as compared to politicians since they had much more impact than the latter (Gonipraw 6). Conclusion Songs and music definitely have a very great impact be i t in mobilizing masses or passing a message across from time immemorial. The protest songs in their time are known to have had a great influence on the leaders, the Vietnamese soldiers and even unifying many from all races during the Civil Rights movement. Their popularity in the 1960s fully served their purpose and some of the songs are even sung to date and they even persisted through the 1970s. Though not as popular, there are songs which are sung presently that could fall in the category of protest songs.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Cogan et al. Encyclopedia of Politics, the Media and Popular Culture. Santa Barbra CA, 2009. Print. Freeman, Tracy. Spiritual and Freedom Songs. Coded Communication, n.d. Web. Goniprow, Dan. Where have all the Protest Songs Gone? Senior Honors Projects, 2007. Web. Hurry et al. Heinemann Advanced Music. London, UK: Heinemann, 2001. Print. Perone John. Songs of Vietnam Conflict. New York, NY: Greenwood, 2011. Print. Protest Music. American Renaissance. Music, n.d. Web. Protest Song. Music. Neo Himanism, 2004. Web. Ruehl, Kim. Best Classic Anti-War Songs. Folk Music, 2011. Web. This essay on Protest songs in the 1960s was written and submitted by user Jon Kline to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.